Laodicea is an ancient city that is located 5 km south of Pamukkale and Hierapolis. Also known as Laodicea on the Lycus, the ancient city is situated south of Lycus river (today’s Çürüksu River). According to historians, the city was built between B.C. 261 - 263 by Antiochus II, who gave the city’s name after his wife, Laodice.
Laodicea was one of the most important cities in Anatolia in the first century B.C. Most of the artworks in the city were built in this century. Laodicea is on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List.
Buildings in Laodicea
There are 2 theaters in Laodicea. The Big Theater was built on a slope like most Roman theaters and it can hold up to 20.000 people. The structure is highly influenced by Greek architecture style. Although the stage of the theater doesn’t exist anymore, the seating section is still in a good shape. The Small Theater was built 300 meters northwest of the Big Theater and it can hold up to 15.000 people.
The Council building was built in southwest part of the city. The structure was built with annular vault by separating the building into 4 sections from the entrance. The top of the council building was damaged completely and pillars were damaged partially.
This Roman structure was built between the main street and surface street.
You might be asking, “How do I get there?‘. Since Laodicea is located on a very central location, it is not much of an issue to get there. Laodicea, today, is near Goncali town, which is only 10 minutes away from Denizli City Center and about 15 minutes away from Pamukkale. You may take a dolmus (minibus) from Denizli Bus Station to get Laodicea which takes off every 20 minutes or so. Although there is not a direct shuttle from Pamukkale to Laodicea at this time, you may again a dolmus that goes to Denizli Bus Station. However, you should tell the driver that you are going to Laodicea, so he can drop you off near the location. From both Denizli and Pamukkale, you can also take taxis which are available pretty much anytime.