Laodicea Ancient City

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laodicea-3Laodicea is an ancient city that is located 5 km south of Pamukkale and Hierapolis. Also known as Laodicea on the Lycus, the ancient city is situated south of Lycus river (today’s Çürüksu River). According to historians, the city was built between B.C. 261 - 263 by Antiochus II, who gave the city’s name after his wife, Laodice.

Laodicea was one of the most important cities in Anatolia in the first century B.C. Most of the artworks in the city were built in this century. Laodicea is on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List.

Hierapolis Ancient Theater

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hierapolis-ancient-theater-1The Antique Theater in Hierapolis is a well preserved structure that was built in 206 A.C. The structure is influenced by Greek Theaters and was built on a hill slope. The construction began in A.C. 62, after a big earthquake and it was completed in 206 A.C., so it took about 144 years to get it built. The structure can hold up to 12.000 people.

Tripolis Ancient City

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tripolis-topTripolis Ad Meandrum is an ancient Phrygia city that is located 20 km northwest of Pamukkale and Hierapolis. It is built on a slope which is between Yenicekent town and Menderes river. The city was initially called Apollonia and then the name was changed to the Antoniopolis for a short period of time. In Hellenistic period, the city was a intersection for Phrygia, Caria and Lydia. Since it was a intersection for three cities, people started to call the city, Tripolis. Tripolis kept the name until people started to abandon the city in A.C. 7.

Festivals in Pamukkale

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Every year, there are two festivals that you can attend in Pamukkale during summer season. If you are in Pamukkale during those festivals, you can attend those festivals and make your trip more worthy.

Türkçevizyon - International Turkish Music Festival

turkcevizyon-logoTurkcevizyon is an annual festival that takes places in Antique Theatre in Pamukkale. Like Eurovision, which is a popular song contest in Europe, Turkcevizyon is a song contest which contestants come from Turkish countries, Balkan countries and Middle East countries. The festival has started in 2009 as an annual event and it takes place in summers. TRT, which is the state television, airs the event on TV. If your travel date matches with this festival, you can attend this festival and enjoy Turkish songs.

International Folk Dance Festival

denizli-international-folk-dance-festival-logoStarted in 2001, International Folk Dance Festival is an also an annual festival that is organized by Denizli Municipality. Folk dancers from all over the world attend this one week event. Dancers from Denizli Municipality, Azerbaijan, South Korea, Mexico, Poland and other countries perform their best to audience. Every year, dancers come from different countries which makes the event more diverse.

The event takes off as dancers start to parade in Denizli Downtown. Each day, they perform at a different location in Denizli. Other than Antique Theatre in Pamukkale, locations include Deliklicinar Square, Incilipinar Park and Ziya Tikiroglu Art Center for the premiere.

Pamukkale Travertine Terraces

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pamukkale-pools-1Pamukkale travertine terraces is one of the top tourist attractions in Turkey. Every year over 1.5 million tourists visit this paradise. It is often referred as the 8th Wonder of World and once you get Pamukkale, you will understand the reason behind that. It is a spectacular sight that looks made out of snow or cotton. The literal meaning of Pamukkale in Turkish is “Cotton Castle”. Pamukkale terraces is right next to ancient Roman city Hierapolis and it used to be health center in ancient times. It is still visited for both travel and health purposes.

Formation

Pamukkale travertine terraces are formed by the hot water that comes from its foundation that is 320 metres away from terraces. After the water leaves thermal springs, it is carried it by a 320 meter long canal to Pamukkale terraces and the water falls into terraces and forms the travertines. This water comes out at 35.6°C and highly contains calcium carbonate. This formation, initially, is very soft and it can be damaged so easily. Over time, the formation gets stronger and forms the travertine terraces as we see today. That’s why today, tourists won’t be allowed to go down parts of Pamukkale because walking on them will be damaging the formation and whiteness of terraces.

Kaklik Cave

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kaklik-cave-3Kaklik Cave is one of the lesser known places among visitors in Denizli region. Kaklik Cave is usually referred as the Underground Pamukkale and it’s easy to understand why. Kaklik Cave has the same travertine structure as Pamukkale. The difference, however, it’s smaller in size and it’s inside a cave. The cave came to light after the collapse of its roof. After opening to tourists in 2002, Kaklik Cave started to earn visitor traction.

The water that comes out in the cave contains sulphur and high amount of sodium bicarbonate. This water is used for health purposes as well as agricultural irrigation in the area. Because the water contains sulphur, there’s a smell in the cave which explains the name that locals gave for this location, Kokarhamam Pinari (which can be translated as Smelling Bath Foundation).

Pamukkale Natural Park

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Pamukkale Natural ParkPamukkale Natural Park has opened in 2011 and it has become one of the top attractions for visitors quickly. Pamukkale Natural Park is placed right in front of Pamukkale and offers visitors a great sight of Pamukkale.

There’s a cafe in the park where you can get meals and drinks and enjoy a great scene. Pamukkale Natural Park has a lake that makes the scene even more beautiful. You can even take a paddle boat in the lake.

Pamukkale Natural Park has 3 pools in it if you like to enjoy a good swimming in hot weather. There is a pool for kids as well as for adults that includes jacuzzi in it. There is also a little mud pod where you can take a healing mud bath.

You can go to Natural Park anytime throughout the day. However, in evenings, there’s usually a wedding at this location, specially in the summer.

Pricing

Entrance fee is 15 TL for adults. Ages between 0-6 can enter for free. Kids between ages 7-16 can enter Natural Park for 7.5 TL. You can stay in the park and in the pools as long as you want until you leave there.